Finding the perfect building plot is not easy. It is important to ask the right questions before deciding on the land that will see the birth of the construction project of your house. SIC houses, specialists in the construction of new homes in the Southwest for 50 years, helps you choose the best land for the home of your dreams.
What accesses are available on my building plot?
When looking for the ideal land to build your house, it is important to take into account the accesses available to access it.
Here are some things to consider: first, check if the ground is accessible from a public road. If this is not the case, it can cause problems for construction work and for access by public services such as ambulances or the fire brigade in the event of an emergency.
Then think about the distance between the land and the main roads. Land located too far from a main road can lead to additional costs for the installation of water, electricity and gas pipes. If you find land several miles from a main road, you may have to pay to have electrical cables or water pipes laid a long distance.
Finally, check other possible means of access, in particular via public transport (train, bus, tram, etc.). Indeed, it is also necessary to take into account in the construction budget of your house the cost of daily journeys between home and work.
What is the environment close to my building land (upcoming constructions, opposite, etc.)?
When choosing land for your home, consider the surrounding environment, including possible future construction.
Think about the view you will have from your land. It is important to check that your land has a clear view of the surroundings or if you are likely to have vis-à-vis. If you have close neighbors, it's important to know what their homes will look like and if they're likely to block your view.
For example, if you find land on a hill with stunning views of the surrounding mountains, make sure there are no building plans that could block that view.
Also think about the location of existing and future constructions around your land. If you're building your home in a developing neighborhood, it's important to know what types of buildings will be built around you and how they might affect your daily life.
If you find, for example, land in a developing residential area, make sure that plans for upcoming buildings won't block sunlight to your home or reduce your privacy.
- Also read : How to fence the land of your new house?
What is the orientation and topology of the land where to build my house?
When you are looking for your ideal land for your future home, think carefully about the orientation of the land in relation to the sun. A favorable orientation can allow you to maximize natural light and heat from the sun, which can have advantages in terms of energy savings and comfort.
For example, if you find a south-facing lot, you can design a house with large south-facing windows to maximize natural light and reduce heating costs.
Also find out about the topology of the land, i.e. ground surface configuration. If your land is on a slope, it can affect your home's design and construction costs, such as creating an adequate drainage system.
Also think about location of trees and other natural elements of your land. If you're considering a home with outdoor spaces, it can be helpful to consider the presence of trees and how they affect the environment around your home. If you choose land with large mature trees, you will have to, for example, consider pruning them regularly to avoid the risk of branches falling on your house.
- Also read : 12 tips for an energy-efficient home
What is the nature of the soil and subsoil of the land of my future new house?
Before building a new house, it is important to check the nature of the soil and subsoil of the land chosen. This allows to determine soil resistance and to anticipate any risks related to the geological conditions of the area. For example, if the land is located on clay soil, there may be a risk of ground movements, cracks in the walls or deformations of the structure of the house.
It is also important to find out about any natural hazards associated with the terrain. The Natural Risk Prevention Plan (PPRN) is a document that identifies areas at risk and regulates construction in these areas. If the land is located in a risk area, it is possible that preventive measures will have to be taken to build the house safely. If the land is located in a flood zone, it may be necessary to raise the house to avoid damage in the event of flooding.
Finally, it is advisable to hire a geotechnical engineer to realize a soil study before building the house. This study makes it possible to determine the nature and characteristics of the soil, as well as any risks related to the geology of the area. Based on the results of the study, it is possible to determine the suitable foundations for the construction of the house and anticipate possible risks. For example, if the ground is weak, it may be necessary to reinforce the foundations to guarantee the stability of the house.
What are the town planning rules of the municipality where my building land is located?
Check the planning regulations in force in the region where your land is located. Some regions have very strict building regulations, which can affect the size and height of your home. It is important to know these rules before building your house to avoid problems with local authorities.
On the side of the municipality on which the land is located, you can request the PLU. The Local Urban Plan (PLU) is a document which regulates land use in a municipality. For example, it can define rules for the height and footprint of buildings, areas reserved for economic activities, protected green spaces, etc. It is therefore important to find out about the town planning rules in force before buying building land.
The PLU can also impose architectural constraints for new constructions, such as the use of traditional materials or taking into account the architectural environment of the municipality.
Finally, it is advisable to approach the town planning services to obtain information on planned changes to the PLU. Indeed, these developments can impact the value of the land and the feasibility of the construction. For example, the creation of an economic activity zone near the land can impact the quality of life of the inhabitants and the value of the property in the long term.
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What is the cadastral rental value of my future building land (and what are the local taxes)?
When looking to buy building land, it is important to find out about its cadastral rental value as well as the local taxes associated with it. The cadastral rental value is determined by the tax authorities and corresponds to the theoretical rental value of the land. It is used as the basis for the calculation of certain local taxes.
Property tax is the main local tax linked to the ownership of building land. It is calculated according to the cadastral rental value of the land. The higher it is, the higher the property tax will be. It is therefore important to take this aspect into account when choosing your land.
In addition to property tax, there may be other local taxes to pay, such as development tax, which is due when building a new house. This tax is calculated according to the surface of the house and the cadastral rental value of the land. It is therefore important to find out about all the local taxes that will be due to avoid unpleasant surprises.
What are the costs of servicing your future land?
Servicing is all the work necessary to connect your future land to the various networks : drinking water, electricity, gas, sanitation, etc.
Servicing costs can vary considerably from one site to another depending on the location, the distance to existing networks, the nature of the soil, etc. It is therefore important to be well informed about the costs to be expected to avoid unpleasant surprises.
For example, if the land is on the edge of the road and the networks already exist nearby, the servicing costs will be lower than for isolated land in the middle of nature. Similarly, if the land is sloping or composed of rocky soils, servicing costs may be higher due to the complexity of the work to be carried out.
Internet and telephony: what is the network coverage of the building site of your future home?
When looking to buy land to build a house on, it is important to find out about Internet and telephony network coverage. Indeed, access to these services has become indispensable in daily and professional life.
It is therefore advisable to inquire with telephone and Internet operators to find out the network coverage of the site in question. If the land is located in a rural area far from urban centers, network coverage may be less developed than in town. It is therefore important to check whether the operators cover the area where the ground is located.
Certain sites such as the Arcep can help you find out the network coverage in your municipality.
If your property is located on the edge of an urban area, it is very likely that the network coverage is of good quality. On the other hand, if the land is located in a remote area, it is possible that the network coverage is limited or even non-existent.
How much will the exterior fittings (garden, fence, etc.) of my new house cost, depending on the terrain (slope, earthwork, etc.)?
When buying land to build your house, it is important to take into account the outdoor facilities such as the garden, the fence and other earthworks. The costs of this work can vary considerably depending on the nature of the terrain.
If the land is flat and easily accessible, earthmoving costs will be less important than for sloping ground or requiring soil stabilization work. If the land is landlocked or difficult to access, the costs of transporting materials for outdoor facilities will be higher.
It is therefore important to take these aspects into account when choosing the land to avoid unpleasant surprises. It is also recommended to call on professionals to draw up a precise estimate of the costs of the earthworks and the exterior landscaping to be carried out.
Are there easements related to the building site of my future home?
When you buy your land to build your house, find out about the existence of related easements: these are the rights and obligations attached to land that can limit the use and enjoyment of the land.
For example, a right of way may allow a neighbor to use part of the land to access his property. An easement of view can prevent the construction of a hedge or a wall that would obstruct the view of a neighbour. There may also exist easements related to the use of water or the evacuation of waste water.
It is therefore important to find out about the existence of these easements before buying land to avoid unpleasant surprises. Information on easements is generally mentioned in the town planning document, the subdivision regulations or the title deed of the land.
How to choose the right land with Maisons SIC?
Choosing the right land is essential for the construction of your future home. Maisons SIC supports future owners in their search taking into account criteria such as location, surface area, type of soil and development costs. Trust our expertise to find the ideal land for your project immovable.
Before any decision, we carry out an in-depth analysis of the characteristics of the terrain, including its orientation, connection options, compliance with standards, environment and soil type.
Whether you have already identified land or own one, our team is at your disposal to carry out an exhaustive study. Trust our expertise to guarantee the choice of the ideal land for your real estate project.